This day in history. Read about what happened today. A short and interesting account of historical events and facts about this day as well as any other day of the year. Find historical birthdays, deaths, tragedies, war events, disasters and sports events.

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On July the 20th
Same-sex marriages were legalized in Canada. Canada was the fourth country in the world to do so, after the Netherlands, Belgium and Spain.
During the 27th Annual G8 summit in Genoa, a protester was shot and killed by the local police.
A bomb placed by the Provisional IRA exploded at the International Stock Exchange in London.
A severe flash flood struck the city of Johnstown, Pennsylvania, USA, resulting in the death of 80 people and property damage which ranged in the hundreds of millions.
The Viking 1 Lander became the first manmade spacecraft to successfully land on the planet Mars.
Turkish armed forces invaded and occupied northern Cyprus. Even after the entrance of Cyprus in the European Union, the Northern part of the island remains occupied.
The Apollo 11 spacecraft landed on the Moon. it was the first manned mission to land on the Moon
Two civil rights protesters were shot and killed by the local sheriff in Hayneville, Alabama.
King Abdullah I of Jordan was assassinated, by a Palestinian terrorist, while he was attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem.
Israel and Syria signed a truce, ending a war that had raged between them for 19 straight months.
An assassination attempt took place against Adolf Hitler. The plot was organized German Army colonel Claus von Stauffenberg.
The Montreux Convention was signed in Switzerland. Under the terms of the convention Turkey was granted the right to fortify the Dardanelles and Bosphorus as long as it guaranteed free passage to ships of all nations during times of peace.
Severe religious rioting between Muslims and Sikhs resulted in the death of 11 people in Lahore, India.
Greek actress, Aliki Vougiouklaki, was born in Maroussi, Athens. She was arguably the most popular actress to ever appear in Greek cinema.
The Methodist Church began accepting women in the ranks of its priesthood.
More than 30 people died in a train wreck near Salem, Michigan, USA.
The first Ford Motors car was shipped from the assembly line.
Footballer professionalism was legalized in Britain.
The Riot Act was enacted in Great Britain. Under the conditions of the act any gathering of more than 12 people could be declared illegal by local authorities. The act was repealed in 1973.
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