This day in history. Read about what happened today. A short and interesting account of historical events and facts about this day as well as any other day of the year. Find historical birthdays, deaths, tragedies, war events, disasters and sports events.

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On March the 16th
The US state of Mississippi formally ratified the Thirteenth Amendment of the US constitution, thus becoming the last US state to officially abolish slavery.
193 people died along the east coast of the United States in one of the greatest snow Blizzards ever recorded.
Associated Press reporter, Terry Anderson, was taken hostage in Beirut. He was released on December 4, 1991, after more than six years of captivity.
The CIA station chief in Beirut, William Buckley, was kidnapped by Islamic fundamentalists and later killed while in captivity.
Italian Prime minister, Aldo Moro, was kidnapped by members of the left-wing terrorist group, Red Brigades. He was was murdered almost 2 months later.
The super tanker, Amoco Cadiz, split in two after it had run aground off the coast of Brittany. It was the 5th-largest oil spill in history.
During the Vietnam War, American troops committed what has been known as the My Lai massacre. An estimated 350 to 500 Vietnamese villagers, including women, and children, were slaughtered by American troops.
The Mount Agung volcano in Bali, erupted, causing widespread devastation which resulted in the death of more than 1,000 people.
The Battle of Iwo Jima came to an end with American forces claiming victory. More than 20,000 Japanese and over 6,000 American soldiers died in the struggle to control the island.
The German city of Wurzburg was almost entirely destroyed by British bomber planes.
Italian film director, Bernardo Bertolucci, was born in Parma. He is considered as one of the most talented directors of the 20th and 21st centuries, having directed such classics as, Last Tango in Paris, 1900 and The Last Emperor.
In direct violation of the treaty of Versailles, Adolf Hitler began the rearmament of Germany by instituting conscription.
American comedian, Jerry Lewis, was born in Newark, New Jersey. He has been one of the most known comedy faces of 20th century America and is most known for his legendary show pairing with fellow comedian Dean Martin.
The free port of Fiume was annexed by Mussolini's fascist regime. The city is now part of Croatia, under the name Rijeka.
Nazi war criminal, Josef Mengele, was born in New York, Australia. He was a Nazi German SS officer and a physician in the Nazi concentration camp of Auschwitz. He is said to have been one of the most heinous Nazi officials who performed atrocious experiments on human beings. He is notorious for having escaped justice after the war and for having been one of the most wanted persons in the world. However he was never captured and spent the rest of his life in various South American countries.
Shah of Iran, Reza Pahlavi, was born in the city of Alasht in Savad Kooh county. He was the first monarch of the Pahlavi dynasty, and is credited with modernizing the nation of Iran.
Nathaniel Hawthorne's novel The Scarlet Letter was published for the first time.
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