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On September the 28th
Film director, Elia Kazan, died at the age of 94. He was born Elias Kazanjoglou to Greek parents. He attended Yale University and eventually rose to become one of the most celebrated and acclaimed directors of world cinema.
A car ferry, the MS Estonia, sank in the Baltic Sea, resulting in the death of 852 people. The ferry was on route from Tallinn, Estonia to Stockholm, Sweden. The accident occurred when the bow visor of the ship broke and brought the car ramp down with it as it fell, allowing water fill the car deck which destabilized the ship and lead to the eventual sinking.
President of the Philippines, Ferdinand Marcos, died at the age of 82. He served as president from 1965 to 1986. While he was elected in 1965, in 1972 he declared martial law which he didn't lift until 1981. He was, however, re-elected, the same year and served another term as president until the next elections were marred by tampering scandals which eventually led to his downfall.
The ITT (International Telephone and Telegraph) headquarters building in New York City was bombed in protest of the company's involvement in the September 11 1973 coup d'etat in Chile. ITT owned 70% of the Chilean Telecommunications Company as well as local newspaper and directly funded the faction which conducted the coup. ITT was a huge conglomerate of companies that existed up until 1989, when it was broken apart.
President of Egypt, Gamal Abdal Nasser, died at the age of 52. He was one of the most important Arab politicians of the 20th century and the leader of Egypt from 1954 until his death in 1970. His policies and diplomatic decisions were instrumental into shifting Egypt towards the sphere of influence of the Soviet Union and expelling western interests from the Suez Canal.
American actress, Mira Sorvino, was born in New Jersey, USA. She attended Harvard University, where she graduated magna cum laude in East Asian Studies. She got her breakthrough role in Woody Allen's 1995 film Mighty Aphrodite.
A military coup in Syria ended the United Arab Republic. The republic was formed by the union between the republics of Egypt and Syria in 1958.
Warsaw surrendered to the Nazi armies of Germany during World War II.
Italian actor, Marcello Mastroianni, was born in the village of Fontana Liri, Italy. He was one of the most popular Italian actors of the 20th century who was able to achieve international fame by starring in several hit movies. He also stared in Federico Fellini's 'La Dolce Vita', and '8 1/2'.
American spy, Ethel Rosenberg, was born in New York. She and her husband, Julius, were members of the Communist Party and were both convicted and executed as spies in 1953. In later years decoded Soviet communications showed evidence that while her husband was certainly a spy, she may have not been involved in any acts of espionage, but was only aware of her husband's activities.
The Normans invaded England under the banner of William the Conqueror. The invasion would eventually lead to the battle of Hastings, where William won the decisive victory and in effect dominated England, becoming its King and established Norman domination in England.
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